General Review| Volume 8, ISSUE 4, P394-399, July 1994

Blood Supply to the Spinal Cord: Anatomic and Physiologic Correlations

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.
      Although the subject has been studied for many years, the clinician's understanding of the blood supply to the spinal cord is complicated by both confusing nomenclature and conflicting data. This review attempts to clarify prevailing thoughts on the arterial and venous structures in this clinically important area.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Annals of Vascular Surgery
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Gillilan LA
        The arterial blood supply of the human spinal cord.
        J Comp Ncurol. 1958; 110: 75-83
        • Domisse GF
        Blood supply to the spinal cord. A critical vascular zone in spinal surgery.
        J Bone Joint Surg. 1974; 56B: 225-235
        • Crock HV
        • Yoshizawa H
        The Blood Supply of the Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord in Man.
        in: Springer-Verlag, New York1977
        • Tureen L
        Circulation of the spinal cord and the effect of vascular occlusion.
        Res Publ Assoc Res Nerv Ment Dis. 1938; 18: 394-437
        • Hassler O
        Blood supply to the spinal cord: A microangiographic study.
        Arch Neurol. 1966; 15: 302-307
      1. Adamkiewicz A. Die Blutgefasse des Menschlichen Ruckenmarkes: II. Die Gefasse der Rockenmarksoberflache, Sitsungs d.k. Akad J Wissensch Math-Naturw Cl 1882, pp 101-130.

        • Kadyi IH
        Ueber die Blutgerase des Menschlichen Rucken-markes: Nacheiner im xv. Bande der Denkschriften der Math-naturw.
        in: Classe der Adademie der Wissenschaften in Krakau Erschienenen. Monographic aus dem Polnischen u Bersetzt vom Verfasser. Gubrynowicz & Schmidt, Lemberg, Poland1889
        • Woolam DHM
        • Millen JW
        Discussion on vascular disease of the spinal cord.
        Proc R Soc Med J. 1958; 51: 540-543
        • Piscol K
        Die blutversorgung des Rucken-markes und ihre Klinische.
        in: Relevanz Schriftenreiche Neurologie Bd 8. Springer, Berlin1972
        • Tveten L
        Spinal cord vasculature. I: Extraspinal sources of spinal cord arteries in man.
        Acta Radiol Diagn. 1976; 17: 1-16
        • Turnbull IM
        • Brieg A
        • Hassler O
        Blood supply to cervical spinal cord in man: A microangiopathic cadaver study.
        J Neurosurg. 1966; 24: 951-965
        • Mannen T
        Vascular lesions in the spinal cord of the aged: A clinicopathological study.
        Geriatrics. 1966; 21: 151-160
        • Suh TH
        • Alexander L
        Vascular system of the human spinal cord.
        Arch Neurol Psychol. 1936; 41: 659-677
        • Corbin JL
        Recherches Anatomiques sur la Vascularisation Arterieele de la Moelle, Leur Contribution a l'Etude de l'Ischemie Medullaire d'Origine Arterielle.
        in: Masson et Cie, Paris1962
        • Lazorthes G
        • Gouaze A
        • Zadeh JO
        Arterial vascularization of the spinal cord: Recent studies of the anatomic substitution pathways.
        J Neurosurg. 1971; 35: 253-262
        • Turnball IM
        Blood supply of the spinal cord: Normal and pathological considerations.
        Clin Neurosurg. 1956; 20: 56-84
        • Mehta AC
        The blood vessels of the spinal cord (a review).
        Neurol India. 1972; 4: 190-205
        • Thompson GB
        Dissecting aortic aneurysm with infarction of the spinal cord.
        Brain. 1956; 79: 111-118
        • Herren R
        • Alexander L
        Sulcal and intrinsic vessels of human spinal cord.
        AMA Arch Neurol Psychol. 1939; 41: 679-687
        • Bolton B
        The blood supply of the human spinal cord.
        J Neurol Psychol. 1939; 2: 137-148
        • Craigie EH
        The comparative anatomy and embryology of capillary beds of the CNS.
        Proc Assoc Res Nerv Ment Dis. 1938; 18: 3-28
        • Doppman J
        • Dichiro G
        The arteria radicularis magna: Radio-graphic anatomy in the adult.
        Br J Radiol. 1968; 41: 40-45
        • Domisse GF
        The arteries, arterioles and capillaries of the spinal cord: Surgical guidelines in prevention of postoperative paraplegia.
        Ann R Coll Surg. 1980; 62: 369-376
        • Gillilan LA
        Veins of the spinal cord: Anatomical details. Suggested clinical applications.
        Neurology. 1970; 20: 860-868
        • Domisse GF
        The Arteries and Veins of the Human Spinal Cord From Birth.
        in: Churchill Livingstone, Edinburg1975
        • Tveten L
        Spinal cord vascularity. III. The spinal cord arteries in man.
        Acta Radiol [Stockh]. 1976; 17: 257-273
        • Piano G
        • Gewertz BL
        Mechanism of increased cerebrospinal fluid pressure with thoracic aortic occlusion.
        J Vasc Surg. 1990; 11: 695-701