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Reconstructive Surgery of the Renal Arteries in Takayasu's Disease

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      Between 1977 and 1989, 24 patients (19 women and 5 men) with Takayasu's disease underwent renal artery restoration. Mean age was 32.9 years (range 15 to 60 years). All patients were hypertensive and three had moderate, chronic renal failure. Renal artery lesions were unilateral in two patients (8%), bilateral in 17 patients (71%), and unilateral in a solitary kidney in five (21%). Associated lesions of the thoracic or abdominal aorta or both were found in 22 patients (92%). Lesions of the visceral arteries found located in 21 patients (87%) and of the supraaortic trunks in 16 (67%). Initial revascularization of the supraaortic trunks was performed in four patients (17%). Renal artery revascularization was unilateral in 11 patients (46%) and bilateral in 13 (54%). Concomitant aortic reconstruction was performed in 21 patients (87%), visceral artery reconstruction in 17 patients (71%), and supraaortic surgery in seven (29%). One patient who underwent combined aortic and renal artery restoration, and in whom visceral artery involvement had been neglected, died postoperatively of heart failure and intestinal infarction. Three patients were lost to follow-up. Twenty patients have been followed for a mean of 61.3 months (range 4 to 124 months). One patient died at 89 months of intestinal infarction secondary to embolization originating from a false aortic aneurysm. Five repeat renal revascularizations were required in four patients. Hypertension is presently cured in 12 patients (63%), improved in six (31%), and unchanged in one (6%). Even though surgical treatment of arterial lesions in Takayasu's disease often includes complex and repeat revascularization procedures, satisfactory long-term results suggest the use of renal artery reconstruction in this affliction.

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