Nationwide Cross-Sectional Epidemiological Analysis of 3,306 Lower Limb Peripheral Aneurysm Repairs in Brazilian Public Hospitals Between 2008 and 2019: Trends, Mortality and Costs

Published:March 08, 2022DOI:


      Although peripheral aneurysms can be limb- or life-threatening, the literature is scarce and there are only two large population-based epidemiological studies on peripheral aneurysm repair, comprising data from high-income countries only.


      This is a retrospective cross-sectional analysis on open and endovascular peripheral aneurysm repairs performed between 2008 and 2019 in the Brazilian Public Health System, which exclusively insures more than 160 million Brazilians.


      A total of 3,306 peripheral aneurysm repairs were observed. Most patients were elderly (57.74%) and male (72.66%), and patients treated with endovascular repair were older (P = 0.008). Most repairs were emergency (59.56%) and open (93.8%), and there was an overall downward trend in procedure rates. We observed a decreasing predominance of emergency open repair over elective open repair (P < 0.001), but open repairs prevailed over endovascular procedures, with no tendency to change this predominance. Mortality rates were 3.12% and 3.67% after elective and emergency open repair, respectively, with no difference, and 0 and 4.24% for elective and emergency endovascular repair, respectively. The government reimbursed an average of $1170.05 for open PA repair and $1802.01 for endovascular repair.


      We presented the largest series of the literature analyzing all 3,306 lower limb peripheral aneurysm repairs performed in public hospitals in a middle-income country. Procedure rates tended to decrease. Open repair predominated. Mortality rates ranged from 0 to 4%. Most procedures were emergency, but there was a relative increase of elective treatments over the years.
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