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A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Seasonal and Monthly Variability in the Incidence of Acute Aortic Dissection

Published:April 21, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2022.04.008

      Background

      This study explored seasonal and monthly variations of the incidence of acute aortic dissection (AAD).

      Methods

      MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched up to July 2021. Temporal variation in the incidence of AAD was analyzed including all studies analyzing seasonal and monthly aggregations. Then, we performed subgroup analyses according to the type of AAD. Two authors independently reviewed and extracted data.

      Results

      Twenty-seven studies for a total of 128,101 patients were included. Our results showed that the incidence of AAD was highest in winter and lowest in summer. Regardless of type A or type B, the incidence of AAD was significantly higher in winter than in summer and autumn. Nonetheless, there was no significant difference between spring and winter, and between summer and autumn. Results may be limited by the quality of the included articles. However, in the sensitivity analysis that excluded low-quality studies, results did not change significantly. In addition, the pooled incidence was highest in January and lowest in August.

      Conclusions

      Our data strongly support the presence of distribution patterns in the incidence of AAD, characterized by significantly higher risk in winter and in January. These distribution patterns of AAD incidence may help to develop better prevention strategies.
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