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Late Outcomes of Elective Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in a Tertiary Low-Volume Hospital in Brazil

      Background

      The aim of this study is to report early and long-term results of elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in a tertiary low-volume hospital in Brazil.

      Methods

      Between October 2006 and May 2017, 120 patients underwent elective EVAR for infrarenal aortic aneurysm. The interventions were reviewed retrospectively, focusing on 30-day mortality, long-term survival, and freedom from reintervention. Late outcomes were assessed by the Kaplan–Meier method and Cox regression.

      Results

      The follow-up's median and interquartile range was 3 (1–5) years. Overall, most patients were males (75%) and the median age was 74 years. Mostly patients were at a high risk for intervention (79.1%) and the majority was classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists III (53.3%). Preoperative aneurysm diameter median was 60 mm, interquartile range was 52.7–69. As per the postoperative aneurysm sac evolution, the number of patients with a reduction, stabilization, or an increase was 93 (77.5%), 18 (15%), and 9 (7.5%), respectively. The 30-day mortality was 6.6% and no late aneurysm-related deaths were identified. The overall incidence of late endoleaks was 24.1%, with the predominance of type II (23.3%), followed by type IA (0.8 %). Secondary interventions were necessary for 9 patients (7.5%). The 6-year analyses revealed freedom from reintervention and overall survival of 87.9% and 57.7%, respectively. The Cox regression analyses identified age > 75 years as an adverse factor for overall survival (hazard ratio = 2.5; P = 0.021).

      Conclusions

      In the present study, EVAR in a low-volume center was associated with high 30-day mortality, but satisfactory long-term results were identified.
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