Advertisement

Nutcracker syndrome: Anatomo-radiological study of the left renal vein and of the positioning of the left kidney versus a control group

      Nutcracker syndrome (NCS) was described in 1950 and may be invalidating, with a physiopathology remaining discussed. The aim of this study was to analyze various anatomical and morphological criteria which might qualify the positioning of the left kidney in patients presenting a symptomatic NCS and compare them with a control population.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Annals of Vascular Surgery
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect