Clinical Research| Volume 91, P145-154, April 2023

Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors of Noninfectious Fever after Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair of Acute Type B Aortic Dissection

Published:December 05, 2022DOI:


      Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is gradually becoming a first-line treatment of complicated acute type B aortic dissection (ATBAD). Interestingly, according to years of experience in the treatment of ATBAD, we found that patients with ATBAD often had unexplained noninfectious fever after TEVAR. This study aims to explore its clinical characteristics and independent risk factors.


      From January 2016 to September 2021, 211 consecutive patients treated electively by TEVAR for ATBAD were included. The entry tears in all patients originated in the distal to the left subclavian artery (LSA). All patients were diagnosed with ATBAD for the first time. The definition of fever in this study was that the body temperature of patients after TEVAR exceeds 38°C.


      A total of 211 patients (53.62 ± 11.34 years, 81% men) were included in the analysis. To compare patients who did and did not have post-TEVAR fever, they were respectively classified as the fever group and the nonfever group. Fever was diagnosed in 115 (55%) patients. Preoperatively, statistical differences were recorded in age (P = 0.023) and red blood cell (P = 0.037). Age <60 years [odds ratio (OR) 2.194, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.147–4.196, P = 0.018] and duration of the operation >3 hr (OR 3.586, 95% CI 1.133–11.350, P = 0.03) were positively associated with fever. In the comparison of preoperative and postoperative experimental data, the changes in white blood cell (P = 0.046) and platelet (P = 0.007) of the 2 groups were significantly different. Hospital stay (P = 0.009) and postoperative hospital stay (P < 0.001) in the fever group were significantly prolonged. There was no difference in survival in the mid- and long-term follow-up between the 2 groups.


      Noninfectious fever occurs in more than half of the patients after TEVAR (115/211, 54.5%). Patients in the fever group are younger. Age <60 years and duration of the operation >3 hr are independent risk factors for noninfectious fever in patients with ATBAD after TEVAR fever. Noninfectious fever after TEVAR may lead to prolonged hospital stay. However, it did not affect mid- and long-term prognosis.
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